Check out Chess with Different Armies, our featured variant for July, 2024.

This page is written by the game's inventor, Davor Vujacic. This game is a favorite of its inventor.

Fischer-Benko Chess

Fischer-Benko Chess, or Half-Random Chess, is a variant invented in 2020 by Davor Vujacic as a combination of Fischer Random Chess and Pal Benko’s Pre-Chess.

The rules of this chess variant are identical to the rules of Fischer Random Chess and the only difference is the way in which initial position of pieces is achieved and that it doesn’t have to be symmetrical but different for both players. Because of this, the number of possible initial positions is not 960 like in Fischer Random Chess but 921,600! Only 960 of positions are symmetrical and identical to those in Fischer Random Chess.


Place the white Pawns on rank 2 and black Pawns on rank 7.

picture FBC 01

Unlike in Fischer Random Chess, only three pieces (two Bishops and one Rook) are placed randomly and asymmetrically on the players' back ranks, meaning that the positions of Black and White are almost always different. The Bishops must be placed on squares of different colors. To generate a random position, adapt any of the Chess960 position generation methods or use an online random number generator.

picture FBC 02

Davor Vujacic writes:

Here is an example of how I used Ingo Althofer’s single die method for Fischer-Benko Chess random starting positions of two Bishops and one Rook. For first bishop and that is the white bishop at white square, there are 4 possible positions. Using single die, I got number 1 and placed bishop at b1 (first white square). I repeated the process for black bishop at white square, got number 2 and placed bishop at c8 (second white square ). I repeated the process with remaining Bishops and got their positions at c1 and f8. After placing bishops there were 6 available squares for Rooks on both sides, so I had to cast die two more times for each of them. For the white Rook I got number 3 and placed white Rook at third free square, at e1. For the black Rook, I got number 5 and placed Rook at fifth free square, at g8.

After both players placed their Bishops and Rook at random positions, the rest of the pieces are placed manually. Just like in Pal Benko’s Pre-Chess, White places one of the remaining pieces (remaining Rook, two Knights, King and Queen) on the first rank, and then Black does the same. The players freely decide in which order they are going to place their remaining pieces.

In the below diagram, we can see that White decided to place his second Rook at its ‘natural’ position at h1. I borrowed notation system from Crazyhouse chess variant so we can write this move like R@h1. The Black answered with Knight at e8 (N@e8) preparing to fight for the control of the center of chessboard.

1. R@h1 N@e8

picture FBC 03

After this, White placed his first Knight at d1 as a response to Black’s previous move and now Black placed the second Rook to a familiar place, at a8.

2. N@d1 R@a8

picture FBC 04

White and Black continue to place their remaining pieces until all of them are placed on their back ranks. The only restriction is that, exactly like in Fischer Random Chess, the King must be placed between the Rooks. The last two pieces are placed simultaneously at their desired positions.

Here we can see that White placed the second Knight at a1, and Black at h8.

3. N@a1 N@h8

Finally, both players placed their Queens and Kings (their last pieces in this case) in double moves. As the order in which players placer their pieces manually is not important, their last pieces could have been different, not necessarely the Queens and Kings, but it is logical to presume that the players would choose to place their most important pieces for the attack and defense, the Queen and the King at the end.

4. Q@g1+K@f1 Q@b8+K@d8

picture FBC 05

picture FBC 06


After all the pieces are on the board, the game proceeds in the usual way, according to the rules of Fischer Random Chess, including there the castling rules of that game.

In real life and real battles, symmetry is very rare. Also, there are always some unpredictable circumstances that are in this game, presented as randomness. Luckily, we also have free will, and ability to analyze the situation and to adapt ourselves to it, in order to survive and win. That’s the whole meaning of this game.


Davor Vujacic later developed Half-Random Transcendental Chess, or Benko-Lawrence Chess, together with Ola Sassersson who is co-author of this variant of chess. As the name implies, it uses Transcendental Chess as a base rather than Fischer Random Chess. The rules are as above, with two differences:


Sample games


Davor Vujacic (Daslov) and Srecko Lukic (Wingedlion1), friends since early childhood, but now living in two different countries, played several games of Fischer-Benko Chess and Half-Random Transcendental Chess online at - From Position games. For random setup of bishops and rook, they used random generator number. After that, they used Viber to communicate the position of other pieces. Here are two examples.


Half-Random Transcendental Chess sample game

Srecko Lukic (White) – Davor Vujacic (Black) July 11, 2020

Random setup of bishops and rooks.


Setup phase:

  1. R@e1 N@f8
  2. N@h1 N@c8
  3. N@c1 R@h8
  4. Q@b1 Q@g8
  5. K@g1 K@b8


  1. Ng3 e5
  2. b3 d6
  3. c4 b6
  4. a4 Bb7
  5. a5 Nd7
  6. d4 c5
  7. dxc5 Nxc5
  8. b4 Ne6
  9. Ne4 Bxe4
  10. Qxe4 Re7
  11. axb6 Bxb6
  12. Nb3 Qd8
  13. Na5 Bxa5
  14. bxa5 Qxa5
  15. Rb1+ Nb6
  16. g3 Nc5
  17. Qc6 Rd7
  18. Bg2 Nb7
  19. Red1 Rc8
  20. Qe4 g6
  21. f4 f5
  22. Qd3 e4
  23. Qd4 Qc5
  24. Qxc5 Rxc5
  25. e3 Rxc4
  26. Bf1 Rc2
  27. Bd4 Kc7
  28. Bb5 Rd8
  29. Bf6 Rf8
  30. Bd4 Nc5
  31. Ra1 Ra8
  32. Rdc1 Rxc1+
  33. Rxc1 a6
  34. Be2 Kc6
  35. Kf1 Kd5
  36. Bd1 a5
  37. Bc2 a4
  38. Bb1 Rb8
  39. Ba2+ Nb3
  40. Rd1 Kc6
  41. h3 d5
  42. g4 Nc4
  43. Kg2 Nxd4
  44. Bxc4 dxc4
  45. Rxd4 Rb2+
  46. Kf1 a3
  47. Rxc4+ Kb5
  48. Rc8 Ka4
  49. Ke1 a2
  50. Ra8+ Kb3
  51. Rb8+ Kc3
  52. Rc8+ Kd3
  53. Rd8+ Kxe3


White resigned, Black is victorious


Fischer-Benko Chess sample game

Davor Vujacic (White) – Srecko Lukic (Black) July 25, 2020

Random setup of bishops and rooks.


Setup phase:

  1. R@g1 R@a8
  2. Q@a1 N@h8
  3. N@b1 Q@g8
  4. K@d1 K@d8
  5. N@f1 N@e8


  1. c4 f5
  2. e3 a6
  3. d3 Ba7
  4. Nc3 Nf6
  5. Ng3 d5
  6. b3 d4
  7. exd4 Bxd4
  8. Nge2 Ba7
  9. d4 Qf7
  10. Bd2 Qh5
  11. O-O-O Qxh2
  12. Bf4 Qh5
  13. Qb2 Ne4
  14. g4 Qg6
  15. gxf5 Qxf5
  16. Bxe4 Qa5
  17. Nd5 Bb8
  18. Rxg7 Be6
  19. Nxe7 Nf7
  20. d5 Bd7
  21. Qf6 Qa3+
  22. Kb1 Qxe7
  23. Qxe7+ Kxe7
  24. d6+ cxd6
  25. Bxh7 Rh8
  26. Bg6 Be6
  27. Nd4 Ba7
  28. Nxe6 Kxe6
  29. Bxf7+ Kf6
  30. Rg6+ Kxf7
  31. Rgxd6 Bxf2
  32. Rd7+ Kf6
  33. Rxb7 Rad8
  34. Rbd7 Rxd7
  35. Rxd7 Kf5
  36. Bc7 Ke4
  37. Rd5 Bd4
  38. Kc2 Rg8
  39. b4 Rg2+
  40. Kb3 Rb2+
  41. Ka3 Rc2
  42. Rh5 Rxc4
  43. Rh4+ Kd3
  44. Rh3+ Kc2
  45. Bd6 Kd1
  46. Rb3 Kc1
  47. Ka4 Rc2
  48. a3 Rf2
  49. Ka5 Kc2
  50. Rg3 Kb2
  51. Kxa6 Rf6
  52. Rg2+ Kxa3
  53. b5+ Rxd6+
  54. Kb7 Rb6+


White resigned, Black is victorious




Final words:


As the inventor of this chess variant, which I named Fischer-Benko-Chess (or Half-Random Chess, if you like it better) and its sub-variant Half-Random Transcendental Chess, which I created together with Ola Sassersson, I always had in my mind that I must remain humble and in deep respect for the giants of Chess, Fischer and Benko, who have left an indelible trace in chess history.

I did not invent the randomness in starting positions that already existed in the Transcendental Chess and in the Fischer Random Chess, nor did I invent the manual placement of chess pieces at their starting position as it already existed in Pal Benko's Pre-chess. I just proposed a new variant that could be used for fun and maybe as a training method, and I tested it with my friends and some family members.

My favorite chess variants are Fischer Random Chess, Transcendental Chess and Pal Benko’s Pre-Chess. The huge number of starting positions was something I liked in Transcendental Chess, but I didn’t like the fact that many of those positions are unfair and strongly favor one or another player. I liked Pre-Chess but when I played it with my friends, it wasn’t random enough, we were just trying to place as many pieces as we could to their natural positions (those from standard Chess). Finally, I liked everything in Fischer Random Chess but I wondered if we could play even more positions that just 960.

And that is how I created this little Frankenstein’s monster among chess variants, assembling rules from my favorite chess variants. This variant belongs to Maxwell Lawrence (Transcendental Chess), Pal Benko (Pre-Chess) and Bobby Fischer (Fischer Random Chess) more than it belongs to me. I hope they would forgive me for playing with their variants of chess and making a compromise in order to create playable and fun chess variants. I hope people would like it and play it as such because it belongs to all of us now. Have a fun!

This 'user submitted' page is a collaboration between the posting user and the Chess Variant Pages. Registered contributors to the Chess Variant Pages have the ability to post their own works, subject to review and editing by the Chess Variant Pages Editorial Staff.

By Davor Vujacic.

Last revised by Davor Vujacic.

Web page created: 2020-05-25. Web page last updated: 2020-05-26