Check out Glinski's Hexagonal Chess, our featured variant for May, 2024.

This page is written by the game's inventor, John Smith.

The Game of Three Generals


External image links detected!

You know what would look worse on your page than this big, ugly warning? Broken image links. If you're the author, please make sure that doesn't happen to this page by replacing the following external graphic images with local copies.

    [0] =>



Pawn (7th rank, 3rd rank) - Moves forward one square, orthogonally or diagonally. For further details, see "Rules - Pawns".

Golden pieces

Angle (a9, c9, g1, i1) - Moves like a Bishop, but only forward. Promotes to Rook.

Rook (b9, h1) - Moves like a Rook.

Jeweled pieces

Flier (d9, f9, d1, f1) - Moves like a Queen, but only forward. Promotes to Queen.

Queen (e9, e1) - Moves like a Queen.

Silver pieces

Chariot (a9, c9, g1, i1) - Moves like a Rook, but only forward. Promotes to Bishop.

Bishop (b9, h1) - Moves like a Bishop.


Golden General (b8) - Moves like a Shogi Gold. Does not promote. For further details, see "Rules - Generals".

Jeweled General (b8) - Moves like a Shogi King. Does not promote. For further details, see "Rules - Generals".

Silver General (b8) - Moves like a Shogi Silver. Does not promote. For further details, see "Rules - Generals".


Rules are based off of Shogi, which is the Rule Zero for TGoTG. I will only list the rules that are ambiguous in reference to Shogi or unique to this game. A player loses by stalemate, usually by losing all three Generals.


When a non-General piece is captured, it can be dropped as in Shogi. Pawns cannot be dropped in the same file as another friendly Pawn. Generals are not dropped as in Shogi. For rules on captured Generals, see "Generals".


There are three Generals per side, the Golden General, Jeweled General, and Silver General, AKA Kinshoo, Gyokushoo, and Ginshoo. I prefer to use the full names or the Japanese terms to avoid confusion of the Gold with the Golden pieces, etc.

Each General "commands", if you will, his section of the army. The Golden General commands the Golden pieces, etc. This is functionally irrelevant until one of the Generals is captured. When a General is captured, it is completely destroyed and not put in hand. All commanded pieces become "Stone", losing their mineral value to become common rock. Stone pieces remain on the board and can be captured like regular pieces of that side. However, they cannot move or promote. Pieces may return from a Stone state. For rules on returning from Stone, see "Pawns".

Generals are confined, a la Xiang Qi, to individual Palaces. Each Palace is named after its General, as the Golden Palace, etc. However, whenever there is an unbroken Queen-line between two Generals of the same type, one can "shoot" and capture the other General without moving.


Promotion is as in Shogi. However, a piece may also demote into the piece which promotes to it. When captured, a demoted piece will return to normal. Pawns have a special promotion which can be found in "Pawns".


When a Pawn promotes, it is removed from the board. A lost General of the player's choice may then be returned to an empty square in its respective Palace. When the General returns, all Stone pieces of that type become mobile again.

This 'user submitted' page is a collaboration between the posting user and the Chess Variant Pages. Registered contributors to the Chess Variant Pages have the ability to post their own works, subject to review and editing by the Chess Variant Pages Editorial Staff.

By John Smith.
Web page created: 2008-12-31. Web page last updated: 2008-12-31