The Man, also commonly known as a Guard, Prince or Commoner is a piece which has appeared in various early chess variants under various names. It moves like the usual King, but is not Royal.
The Man is a popular piece, used in many games, under many names, including:
- Councellor Chess (Councellor)
- Courier chess (Man)
- Courier-Spiel (Fool)
- Jupiter (Commoner)
- Pacific Chess (Guard)
- Perfect 12 (Prince)
- Roman Chess (Archer / Chariot)
- Shatranj Kamil (Dabbabah)
In the diagram, the Man can move and capture to any square with a black circle.
A man can move to any adjacent space. Two spaces are adjacent if they are orthogonally or diagonally adjacent. Orthogonally adjacent spaces share a common side. Diagonally adjacent spaces share no sides in common but are connected at a corner. If the spaces are squares, they share a common corner; if they are hexagons, an adjoining line connects a corner of each space.
NotesThis piece can generally force checkmate against a bare king, with the help of its friendly king. However, this depends on the board size: above 15x15, the man can no longer deliver checkmate from a generic position. Try it (on 8x8)!
Click on an image to view the full piece set it belongs to.
This is an item in the Piececlopedia: an overview of different (fairy) chess pieces.
Written by Sergey Sirotkin (edited by Peter Aronson) and Fergus Duniho.
WWW page created: October 2nd, 2001.