1961, USA Open Chess Championship
1.e4 f5 2.Nc3 g5?? 3.Qh5# 1:0
The fastest ever recorded checkmate in a tournament of Western Chess. And now a 5-mover.
Black: Dr.René Gralla
5-Minutes-Blitz; December 8th, 2005;Serbian Cultural Centre, Hamburg/Germany (source: http://www.chessbase.de/nachrichten.asp?newsid=5217)
From's Gambit (ECO AO2)
1.f4 e5 2.fxe5 d6 3.exd6 Bxd6 4.Nf3 g5 5.h3?? Bg3# 0:1
The Classic Arab Chess does neither know the piece of omnipotent "Queen" nor the long-range "Bishop". Instead of modern “Bishops”, on the board of Shatranj there are "Elephants" (abbreviation: "E"; Arabic: "Alfil") and "Vezirs" (abbr.: "V"; Arabic: "Firzan"), instead of nowadays "Queens". The diagram below demonstrates the starting-out position in Arabic Shatranj.
The main difference between modern FIDE Chess and ancient Shatranj: The
predecessor of the modern "Queen", the "Vezir" (abbr.: "V"), can only
walk one step diagonally per move. The predecessor of the modern
"Bishop", the "Elephant" (abbr.: "E"), leaps to the second diagonal
square on the given diagonal where that unit is positioned; the first
diagonally adjacent square on the diagonal of the Elephant is out of
reach for that unit.
Apart from the foregoing, the King, the Rooks and the Knights move the same way as their successors do in nowadays FIDE Chess (please note, however, that unlike to modern international chess there is no castling option in Shatranj). The Pawns march the same way as the Pawns of FIDE Chess do. With two more modifications: There is no initial two-step Pawn move - consequence: there is no "en passant"-capture option - , and those Pawns that manage to reach the opponent's last rank can be promoted to Vezirs only.
Taking into consideration the foregoing, one could reasonably assume that - since there are neither mobile "Queens" nor "Bishops" in Classic Arabic Chess -, those notorious "Checkmates of the Fools" by surprise attacks in the early stages of matches of Shatranj are virtually impossible, namely because of the fact that there are not available the necessary units to execute strikes like that.
But chess is always the source of many surprises : that kind of surprise that is very funny for the spectators, but that is distinctively less funny for those who are taken by surprise.
Left-hand Knight Opening
1.Nb1-c3 e7-e6 2.Nc3-a4 ...
A dare-devil squadron scouts the terrain.
2. ... Ng8-e7?
A kind of Old-Indian grouping in the opening, but - big surprise! - losing a Pawn already.
Three moves in a row: an amazing swing by that left-wing White Knight. That is the winner.
And if Black foolishly tries to save that doomed infantry unit ...
3. ... b7-b6??
Black wants to catch the White Squadron on b7 - since, after White Horse has cockily got to b7 once, there will be no way back home for that cavalry unit. The problem is: White Horse does not need to retreat anymore ...
4.Nc5-b7 # 1:0
White: Rook a1 // Elephant c1 // King d1 // Vezir e1 // Elephant f1 //
Knight g1 // Rook h1; Pawn a2 // b2 // c2 // d2 // e2 // f2 // g2 // h2
; Knight b7;
Black: Pawn e6 ; Pawn a7 // b7 // c7 // d7 // Knight e7 // Pawn f7 // g7 // h7; Rook a8 // Knight b8 // Elephant c8 // Vezir d8 // King e8 // Elephant f8 // Rook h8