or alternately, Viennese Kriegspiel
This variant of Screen chess was invented by Dr. Ritter von Korwin-Dzbanski in 1908. Screen chess involves placing a barrier or screen between the two halves of the chess board, blocking each player's view of the other half of the board. The two players then place their pieces (according to certain rules) on their half of the board. The barrier is then lifted and the game is then played as in orthodox chess.
In Viennese chess, each king is placed on a random square in one of the first two rows. Then the barrier is put up, and the players place their pieces on their half of the board as they wish. Bishops must be on opposite color squares, and pawns are not allowed on the first row.
Whether black starts first or white is then determined by lot. The game then proceeds as in orthodox chess.
Sample GameJan 1909
White: G. Marco
Black: J Thirring
1. ... Bxg3 2. cxd5 Bg4 3. fxg3 Bxf3+ 4. Nxf3 Qf8 5. Qh1 Nh5 6. Qg2 Qg7 7. Ne5 Rxe5 8. dxe5 Qxe5 9. dxc6 Nxg3+ 10. Kd1 Rf1+ 11. Kc2 Nxc6 12. Rxa6 Qh5 13. Ra1 Rf3 14. Rxb6 Kb8 15. Rxc6 bxc6 16. Nd4 Rf6 17. Qxg3+ Kb7 18. Rxa7+ Kxa7 19. Qc7+ Ka6 20. c4 Rf5 21. Nxc6 1-0
Written by David Howe. Based on an email from Carlos Cetina, with information from the book on chess variants written by Gabriel Maura Vicente. Additional information and sample game from David Pritchard's Encyclopedia of Chess Variants.
WWW page created: January 29, 1999.