csipgs ChessIn comp.sys.ibm.pc.games.strategic (also known as csipgs), people discuss computer games they refer to as MoO, CIV, CotNW, CaveWars, and such.
No doubt you have wondered what it would be like if there were a Chess variant whose rules were patterned after these games. Wonder no more, the mystery is ended, and no longer need you lie awake at night in puzzlement.
The Rules of csipgs Chess
- The rules of FIDE Chess apply except as follows.
- Each player has a position on the board, a set of pieces in reserve, a treasury, and 6 piece designs.
- In the initial board position, there is only a White King on e1 and a Black King on e8; initially, there are no pieces in reserve and the treasuries are zero; and at the start of the game the 6 piece designs are the FIDE Pawn, Rook, Knight, Bishop, King, and Queen.
- Each turn consists of 3 phases: credit, action, and design.
These phases must always happen in this order: credit, action,
- Credit: Each turn, before anything else happens, one zorkmid is added to a player's treasury.
- Action: Each turn, a player may either move a piece on the board, transfer a piece from reserve to an empty square adjacent to a friendly King, or buy a new piece for reserves. One and only one of these three actions may be taken per turn. If you can't do any of these things, you lose.
- Design: Each turn, a player may also change one piece design. There is a discussion of this later.
- There are a few restrictions on buying new pieces: you must have enough zorkmids in your treasury, you may not have more than 16 pieces (and this includes both your reserve and your position on the board, so if you have 8 pieces in reserve and 8 on the board, you can't buy a new piece right now), and you may not be in check.
- You may not transfer pieces from reserve to the board using a
King (or other royal piece) that is
in check. Of course, you may not transfer if there are no empty
squares next to your King, and you may not transfer if you have no
pieces in reserve; and you may transfer only from reserves to the
board, never from the board to the reserves.
- If you have more than one royal piece, you may choose to ignore
check; however, while you are in check you may not buy new
pieces, and the "King" that is in check cannot be used to transfer
pieces from reserve. (If you have only one royal piece, of course
you must get out of check and of course the game ends if you are
Restated for emphasis, if you have two Kings and one is in check, you can ignore the check and use the King that is not in check to bring in a new piece from your reserves (but you can't buy any new reserves). If you have two Kings and both are in check, you cannot bring in any reserves.
- Each player always has the right to know the size of the other player's treasury, the contents of the other player's reserves, and the other player's list of current designs. "Chess is a game of perfect information", they say -- although sometimes I wish I had more information about what nasty surprise my opponent is planning!
- There is no such thing as Pawn promotion in this game, Pawns do not get an initial double step, and of course Castling is impossible.
Designing New PiecesYou always have 6 piece designs available; when you buy a new piece, you can only buy something for which you have a design. In other words, you can't design a new piece and buy it on the same move.
In order to design a new piece, you must scrap one old design. This has no effect on existing pieces of that type, it only means that you can't build any more of that piece until you redesign it.
Restating the previous paragraph more completely: suppose you want to design a new piece, and you choose to get rid of your Pawn-design and replace it with a Yawn-design. This has no effect on the Pawns that you already have in reserve or on the board, but it does mean that you won't be able to buy any new Pawns.
The effect of this rule is that you know what your opponent can place on the board two moves from now (but of course he has to stand still on the board in order to do so, therefore you can often calculate as far ahead as you do in FIDE Chess).
In order to design a piece, simply choose from the list of powers and modifiers. Add up the costs of the powers and multiply by the modifiers as indicated, round to the next highest whole number, and you have the price of the piece.
For example, suppose you choose Rook power, with the modifier "forward only". The cost of Rook is 5, the modifier is 0.5, that gives you 2.5, rounded up to 3 zorkmids. Now you decide that this is no good because you are wasting half a zorkmid, so you add the power of a Ferz to this piece, and you get FfR == 4.0 zorkmids.
You have now designed a new chess piece and derived an appropriate approximate cost (the prices in this game need not be as exact as they are for Chess with Different Armies).
In order to understand how to derive the symbol FfR for this piece, please consult my funny notation.
List of Powers and ModifiersIn order to understand the "atomic powers" referred to here, please consult Articles about Pieces.
Orthogonal AtomsBase cost 1.5: Wazir, Dabaaba, "H" (the 0,3 jumper).
Base cost 5.0: Rook.
Modifiers for these are:
- Forward-only, sideways only (multiply base cost by 0.5 for either one)
- retreat only (multiply base cost by 0.2).
- May use this power to move but not to capture (cost 0.6)
- May use this power to capture but not to move without capturing (cost 0.6)
Other AtomsBase cost 1.5: Ferz, Alfil, "G" (3,3 jumper).
Base cost 3.0: Knight (special modifiers are narrow and wide, each 0.5).
Base cost 3.3: Bishop, Long Knight (1,3 jumper, can be narrow or wide).
Base cost 5.5: KnightRider (can be narrow or wide).
Modifiers for these atoms:
- Wide or Narrow (apply to Knight and Long Knight only), 0.5
- Forward, 0.7
- Retreat-only, 0.4
- move but not capture, 0.6
- capture only, 0.6
If the piece is restricted to squares of one color, multiply its
total cost by 0.9 -- you get a ten per cent discount for colorbound
pieces, and a Bishop therefore costs 3 zorkmids.
If a piece is royal, multiply its cost by 4. Note that if you have
more than one royal piece, you have more than one place to bring new
pieces from reserves, and also the rules of check are slightly
- Relay: This modifier is not officially available. If you agree with your opponent to allow it, the suggested modifier cost is 2.0, and please note that making a royal relay piece is risky.
Interesting but Unimplemented Rules
PlunderEvery time you capture a piece, the enemy treasury loses some fraction of the value of that piece. This is not a rule, at least not yet.
This rule would be intended to make it possible to get the opponent in debt and therefore prevent her from buying new pieces (for a while). This is why, instead of the usual rule (common in many csipgs games) of giving you a percentage of the value of the piece that was captured, the amount is subtracted from the other guy's treasury.
It is not yet known whether such a rule would be either good or necessary.
Notes on Game DesignThis would turn out to be stupid and endless if you could just keep on cranking out new pieces and throwing them onto the board.
In order to prevent this failure of the design, I came up with the two step buying process (in order to get a new piece, you must waste two tempi, that is, you must go two moves without moving on the board). It also seems to me that the limited current designs and the reserves allow you to calculate better -- imagine what the game would be like if either player could simply make up a new piece and toss it on the board right away -- how could you plan ahead?
The restrictions on purchase and placement are there for the same reason. It's harder to defend against an attack if you can't interpose a paratrooper to block a check.
In addition, the fact that it costs you two moves to get a new piece onto the board seems to create strategic tension.
The list of powers and modifiers appears to be short, but in fact you can have thousands of different pieces in this game.
The rough-and-ready pricing scheme is far from perfect. You can lose by designing and building pieces that cost more than they are really worth.
Because the pricing does not need to be perfect, it is possible to include some atoms and modifiers that cannot be used in a set-piece game with predefined armies. The list should be even bigger than it is.
The rules about check with multiple Kings are interesting. If you build a forward-only move-only G, to use as an advanced base for new troops, it costs only 2 zorkmids. When you move it forward to serve as a source of trouble for the opponent, suddenly he attacks it! Now you cannot buy new reserves. Unless you can relieve the check or force the opponent to capture this "King", you are in big trouble.
There is no rule allowing pieces to capture themseleves. There are at least two situations in this game where it would be useful to be able to get rid of one of your own pieces, but you cannot do so.
Notes on Game PlayIt is probably wise to have at least one piece in reserve at all times, and it is probably wise to have less than 16 pieces in play so that you can design and buy a new piece as the occasion demands.
It is probably wise to have all 16 pieces on the board, where they can move around and destroy the enemy.
It is probably wise to save up your zorkmids and buy a big, expensive, powerful piece. It is probably wise to have lots of cheaper pieces.
It is probably wise to buy as many pieces as soon as possible; later on you'll be too busy.
It is certainly a smart idea to be aware of the strategic tension between the several possible approaches to the problem of buying and placing pieces.
The Computer ChallengeComputer programs cannot play this game competently.
csipgs (moderated) ChessThe basic game of csipgs Chess can be played by two players, but it lacks one feature often found in the csipgs games it emulates.
The feature it lacks is a large map with special features that needs to be explored. In other words, you don't get to find out that b2.a1 is an impassable square until you get one of your pieces close enough to see that square.
In addition, you don't know where your opponent's pieces are until you get close enough to see.
In order to play csipgs chess under such conditions, you'd need a computer program to act as moderator between the two players.
CreditsThe piece design system of csipgs Chess is lifted bodily from MoO2, one of the 5 best csipgs games ever (the other 5 are MoO1, CIV1, CotNW, and CaveWars, in no particular order).
Note added by Hans BodlaenderSee also
- Betza's text on Monster Chess for the double move modifier.
- Variants of csipgs chess, and links to other csipgs chess pages.
Other Links In these Pages
- Chess with Different Armies
- Chess Variants with Different Armies
- Index to Chess Variants
- Index to Different Augmented Knights
- Index to Games of Different Augmented Knights
- About the Values of Chess Pieces
- Copyright Ralph Betza 1996