Super Confusing Rule 3:
This rule is called 'stalemate', and it is very stale. When stalement happens,
the game is a tie. No one wins and no one loses.
The rule is this: If your King is not being attacked, but you still can't
move any of your pieces, then you call out 'stalemate!' and the game is over.
Neither player wins -- it's a tie!
In this example, White moves his Queen over near the Black King.
When it's Black's turn, she sees that she cannot move her King, and
her King isn't being attacked! Since she has no other pieces to move, she
can't make any move at all! She then gives her opponent the bad news
by saying 'stalemate'.
It's not stalemate if the King is attacked!